In neuronal tissue, gephyrin is a scaffolding protein that self assembles in a complex, flat submembraneous lattice that inhibits mobility of the glycine receptors (GlyR) and GABAA receptors (GABAAR) causing clustering at post synaptic sites (Groeneweg et al, 2018). In non-neuronal tissue gephyrin plays a critical role in the molybdendum cofactor (MoCo) biosynthesis of essential life molybdoenzymes, like sulphite oxidase (Groeneweg et al, 2018). Three functional domains have been identified in gephyrin: the stable, structural G and E domains, and the C domain which is intrinsically unstructured leading to multiple isoforms (108, 105, 102, 98, 90 kDa) (Kawasaki, et al 1997). The 93 kDa protein predominantly expressed in the brain and located in the plasma membrane, has a 10X stronger affinity for the GlyR than the GABAAR. Gephyrin’s flexibility to change its size and molecular density is directly correlated to its high affinity to the GlyR-β subunit, and is required for anchoring and accurate clustering of GlyRs at post synaptic sites and microtubule transport chains (Greoneweg et al, 2018). A consistent parameter in the pathogenesis of Alzheimers Disease shows a decrease of inhibitory GABAergic synapses and gephyrin, and increased levels of an insoluble 37 kDa gephyrin fragment not detected in healthy, non-AD models (Kiss et al, 2016).
Purified by Protein A chromatography
GPHN GPH KIAA1385
Fusion protein amino acids 1-181 (N-terminus) of human Gephyrin (accession number Q9NQX3); Mouse: 100% identity (181/181 amino acids identical) produced recombinantly in E. Coli
Human, Mouse, Rat
Aliquot and store at ≤ -20°C for long term storage. For short term storage, store at 2-8°C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the vial prior to removing the cap.
Produced by in vitro bioreactor culture of hybridoma line followed by Protein A affinity chromatography and conjugation of purified mAb. Purified mAbs are >90% specific antibody.
PBS with 0.09% azide
FL490 Ex: 491 nm, Em: 515 nm
No cross-reactivity reported
Each new lot of antibody is quality control tested by western blot on rat whole brain lysate and confirmed to stain the expected molecular weight band.
These antibodies are to be used as research laboratory reagents and are not for use as diagnostic or therapeutic reagents in humans.